QE_CT_Scans_047_master.jpgCT scans or CAT scans are a crucial part of the cancer diagnosis and cancer treatment process. A CT scan takes X-ray images from multiple angles. This allows your doctors to see where the cancer is located and determine whether the cancer treatment is working.

For many patients, CT scans can be a source of anxiety, especially if you've never had one before. Many patients call this "scanxiety," and while it's a perfectly normal feeling, knowing what to expect can help reduce feelings of nervousness.

Preparing for your CT scan
Before getting a CT scan, there are a few things you should do. Following these steps is essential to ensuring your care team gets the images they need to get a good look at your cancer.

Parker1028.jpgWhen Charlotte Parker attended an MD Anderson fundraiser a couple years ago, she was immediately impressed by the organization's dedication to ending cancer and providing the best possible care to its patients. She had no idea that in a matter of months she would be one of these patients.

Coming to MD Anderson for AML treatment
In May 2013, Charlotte Parker began to feel fatigued. Her doctor ran some tests and found that her white blood cell count was five times higher than normal. The native Houstonian was taken straight to the intensive care unit at MD Anderson, where she received an acute myeloid leukemia (AML) diagnosis. She was hospitalized for 60 days.

IACS_Lab_Shots_492_master.jpgBy Lori Baker

MD Anderson has close to 2,000 doctors. Several hundred never treat patients, yet they are crucial to our mission.

"Our mission is to end cancer, not just provide excellent care," says Helen Piwnica-Worms, Ph.D., vice provost of Science. "We don't yet know enough, so our faculty must include a robust community of researchers who apply their scientific expertise to answer important biological questions."

According to Piwnica-Worms, delivering on our commitment to finding answers sets us apart.
"Discovery is what distinguishes breakthrough institutions," Piwnica- Worms says.

Birthplace of new cancer treatments
Basic research, also referred to as laboratory research and discovery science, is a part of MD Anderson's DNA. Ending cancer requires investments in this type of research, as well as clinical, translational and population sciences research. Many of today's treatments exist because of yesterday's basic research. For example, many patients with advanced pancreatic cancer rely on the drug gemcitabine, which is available to them thanks in large part to basic research conducted by William Plunkett, Ph.D., professor in Experimental Therapeutics.

Plunkett's discoveries of the metabolism, mechanism of action and clinical pharmacology of the drug led to the rationale for fixed-dose-rate infusion. His work complemented trials conducted by our clinical doctors.

As a result, in 1996, gemcitabine was the first drug for pancreatic cancer approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

laurengraham1022.jpgBy Lauren Graham

At age 20, I never imagined that I would have cancer. I was just figuring out what I wanted to do with my life: I'd decided to be a nurse.

But life handed me something completely different -- a leukemia diagnosis and a lymphoma diagnosis.  

My dual diagnosis: T-cell acute lymphoblastic lymphoma and acute lymphoblastic leukemia
I had a swollen lymph node on my neck for over a month, but I never really though anything of it. I finished off a round of antibiotics, and my doctor told me to watch it and come back if anything new presented. About two weeks later, I woke up with 11 new swollen lymph nodes. 

After a couple of biopsies, doctors diagnosed me with stage 4 T-cell acute lymphoblastic lymphoma

At the time, I mentally blocked out my lymphoma diagnosis. I didn't really believe that I had cancer because I didn't feel sick. To be honest, I felt I didn't have the time to deal with something as big as cancer and the possibility of chemotherapy. I began my treatment at MD Anderson where I found out my cancer had spread to my bone marrow. I also received a second diagnosis -- acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

Harley731.jpgBy Harley Hudson

I decided to keep a diary of my stem cell transplant experience so it might help others in preparing for their stem cell transplants. You can read my previous entry here.
Just the words "graft-vs.-host disease" (GVHD) are enough to make stem cell transplant patients shiver. We've all heard the stories of the worst cases.

After everything I'd learned about stem cell transplants leading up to my own this past summer, I was afraid of developing GVHD even though my doctors told me the majority of patients actually don't end up developing this condition.

And then it happened. Sixty-six days after I underwent a stem cell transplant to treat my chronic lymphocyctic leukemia (CLL), a rash appeared on my legs and arms. I was pretty sure it was GVHD. This was confirmed the following morning when one of my doctors, Issa Khouri, M.D., and his team looked at my very red and splotchy legs and arms.

My GVHD treatment

Big deal, right? In truth, it wasn't. Melanie and I were prepared for this. We were pretty sure of I had GVHD even before I visited the doctor. This was simply a small speed bump on the way to full recovery.

Steve_Swisher1020.jpgBy Jacqueline Mason

History buff is just one way to describe Stephen Swisher, M.D. He's also a husband and father of two, head of our Surgery division, an honored professor in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, and co-leader of MD Anderson's Lung Cancer Moon Shot -- our own history-making endeavor in the world of medicine.

How do you view your current role here?
I see myself as a surgeon but also as a division leader and an advocate for surgeons. I try to help communicate other surgeons' points-of-view at MD Anderson.

What influenced you to become a cardiothoracic surgeon?
No one in my family had a career in medicine. I became interested in medicine after I took a course in biology. The anatomy of the chest is particularly interesting and exciting to me. During my general surgery residency at the University of California at Los Angeles, a cardiothoracic surgeon and researcher I worked with influenced my decision to complete my fellowship in surgical oncology. Also, the chief of surgical oncology at that time, demonstrated to me the process of taking research findings and using them to improve surgery for cancer patients. That's something I've come to especially appreciate in my co-leadership of the Lung Cancer Moon Shot.

hiddenhistory.JPGBy David Raffetto

Thousands of people enter our Main Building every day -- some through the front door, some through a skybridge, some through a tunnel.

What many don't realize is that the Main Building isn't just one building. Currently, we're working on the 21st addition to the building, which has been around for nearly 70 years.

As you travel through the building, you probably pass from new to old to even older without noticing. But if you know where to look, MD Anderson's history still is visible. You just have to do some crouching and craning.

A long look back
Our initial location on Holcombe Boulevard opened in 1954 after MD Anderson operated in temporary quarters near downtown Houston for 10 years.

The original Main Building was actually three interconnected buildings: Anderson Central, Anderson East and Anderson West. Each stood six stories.

Jameisha1017.jpgBy John Chattaway

When Jameisha Brown was diagnosed with Burkitt's lymphoma, a type of b-cell lymphoma, her 8-year-old mind reasoned that it couldn't be too serious. After all, B was close to A, the best grade you could get.

Today, Jameisha, who goes by Meisha, knows a bit more about cancer. Motivated by her own childhood cancer journey, she's currently working to earn a master's degree in health studies in hopes of becoming a cancer researcher.

Making time for school during Burkitt's lymphoma treatment
In June 1998, Meisha had just completed second grade and was looking forward to summer vacation when she began experiencing severe abdominal pain, nausea and fatigue. After a trip to her pediatrician and an emergency CT scan, she was diagnosed with cancer. She was immediately referred to MD Anderson Children's Cancer Hospital, where she underwent three days of tests, followed by emergency surgery to remove tumors on her small intestine, colon, ovaries and appendix.

"My initial treatment lasted just over eight months. This included multiple surgeries and rounds of chemotherapy, some that were particularly hard on me," Meisha recalls.

tennis shoesBy Karen Basen-Engquist, Ph.D.

To live long, healthy lives and lower their chances of recurrence, breast cancer survivors should focus on staying active and watching their weight, according to a report out today from the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR). The report looks at research on whether physical activity, nutrition and overweight and obesity affect breast cancer and overall mortality in breast cancer survivors. The report found evidence to suggest that in women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer:

  • Physical activity, a high fiber diet and eating more soy were associated with longer survival.
  • Obesity is related to a greater chance of developing a second cancer of the breast, dying from breast cancer and shorter survival.
However, the report notes that high quality research on this topic is still limited.

Staying healthy to prevent cancer recurrence

So, what does the report mean for cancer survivors? Should you exercise, and maintain a healthy diet and a healthy weight?

jacquehoward1014.jpgKidney cancer survivor Jacque Howard thought her new diet and workout regimen were paying off when she shed 25 pounds from her already slight 5'4" frame.

Unfortunately, Jacque's weight loss and diminished appetite were kidney cancer symptoms. The doctors told her the tumor was the size of a large cantaloupe.

"The thought that I had cancer never crossed my mind, not once," Jacque says.

Doctors estimated the mass had been growing for roughly four years before a physical exam in 2005 sent Jacque on the fast track to MD Anderson from her home in Oklahoma.

Coming to MD Anderson for kidney cancer treatment
Jacque's oncologist told her she needed to travel as quickly as possible to a special cancer hospital 500 miles away in Houston, where a doctor had already accepted her as a patient.

"That's the first time in my life I had even heard of MD Anderson," Jacque says. "I guess because cancer never pertained to me or my family, it just never hit who MD Anderson was."

LindaRyan121013.jpgBy Linda Ryan

When you're diagnosed with cancer, there is no right or wrong way to handle your diagnosis. Just because I acted one way doesn't mean that's the right way or the way anyone else should do it.    

Once we receive a cancer diagnosis, we all have to decide if this is something we're going to share with a lot of people. My cervical cancer battle was very public in my community. When I think back to why, I'm not sure I know. It could be that I live in a very supportive and tight-knit community, or it could be that I was very open about my cervical cancer diagnosis and treatment. It could be that my friends were the epitome of a support system. It may be a combination of all of those reasons.   

Who do you share you cancer with?
The only way I've ever known how to handle my cancer diagnosis is by being public and open. 

One woman I met after my diagnosis told me that she handled her diagnosis in the opposite way: When she was diagnosed, she didn't tell anyone. She didn't want to be a burden to anyone.  She was alone through her journey, but that was by choice. That was a foreign concept to me as the emotional support I received from others helped me through the process. But the journey is different for everyone.

Breast cancer treatment can bring physical changes that can sometimes lead to poor body image, low self-esteem, depression and anxiety. But MD Anderson's Body Image Therapy Program is here to help. Earlier this week, in honor of Love Your Body Day, the Body Image Therapy Program hosted a fashion show featuring some of our cancer patients and survivors. The models wore outfits that make them feel comfortable and relax.

Below, four of the models share what they picked and why they selected these outfits. They hope their insight will help other cancer patients dealing with body changes.

Ekua Buduarthur: One-shoulder style formal dress


"I feel very beautiful in this formal dress made using kente cloth from Ghana combined with silk dupioni. I chose the one shoulder style to cover the radiation burns, the cavity left from the mastectomy and the excess underarm flesh from the removal of the lymph nodes."

"Originally, from Ghana, I now live in Houston. I enjoy designing clothing, jewelry, reading and writing. Breast cancer has taken my creativity to a new level of how I look at the female body when I design clothing and jewelry." 

Maria Linares: Mexican folkdance costume


"I chose a dress from one of the costumes that I wear when I perform Mexican folk dance. It is a traditional white lace dress from Veracurz, Mexico. Through all my chemo, radiation, and surgeries, my dancing is what lifted my spirit and helped me move forward. I felt and still feel beautiful when I put on my costume and dance. Dancing has lifted my self-esteem and grown my confidence in leaps and bounds."


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